Ramanagara district was carved out of the erstwhile Bengaluru Rural district on 23 August 2007, comprising Ramanagara, Channapatna, Kanakapura and Magadi taluks. Ramanagara is a town and a city municipal council in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is also the headquarters of Ramanagara district.The town was known as Shamserabad at the ruling time of Tippu Sultan. It was then called Closepet, after Sir Barry Close (1756–1813) in pre-Independence times. It was renamed Ramanagara by the former chief minister of Karnataka state Mr. Kangal Hanumanthayya. Mr. Kempe Gowda is a architect, builder and a guide from Magadi taluk of Ramanagar district. Ramanagara district, part of the rural district of Bangalore, was split in 2007 and rebuilt the district headquarters in Ramanagar taluk with three other Talukas, Chennapatna, Kanakapura and Magadi. Ramanagara district has a population of 10,82,739 in 2011, about 50 km from Bangalore and Bangalore-Mysore State Highway No.17. The average rainfall is 622.80 meters above sea level and 931.58 mm annually.
As of 2001 India census, Ramanagara had a population of 79,365. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ramanagara has an average literacy rate of 69.22%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 58%. In Ramanagara, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Ramanagara is well known for its sericulture, and is nicknamed Silk Town and Silk City . The silk produced in this region forms the input for the famous Mysore Silk. Ramanagara is the largest market for silk cocoons in Asia. 50 tonnes of cocoon a day arrive at the town. Ramanagara has extensive granite sites.
The Closepet granites are a major geological feature of this region and are from the Lower Proterozoic era. This belt of rocks extends in the north-south direction in 50 km belt. This belt has younger potassic granites and is believed to separate two distinct crustal blocks of Archaean age. The block to the west has low-grade granite-greenstone belts with iron-manganese ores and to the east are younger gneisses of granitic and granodioritic composition with gold-bearing schist belts.
The British officer “Sir Barry Close”, (1756-1813) ruled in the pre-independence era, so Ramanagaras was formerly a close downtown.
Population Density and Literacy
The area has a population density of 303 inhabitants per square kilometer (780 / sq mi) of about 3,556 km (1,373 sq mi) district. Its population growth rate was 5.06% in the decade 2001-2011, with a literacy rate of 976 females per 1000 males and 69.2%.
The Bidadi Industrial Area of Ramanagar District has manufacturing units of Toyota and Coca-Cola and includes a 1400 MW gas based power plant.
The famous Hindi film SHOLAY has been shot around these hills and so is the name Sholay hills. The magnificent stones of the pig-gundi reserve forest in Ramanagar are very old and famous for landscape. Ramdevara Betta, Revanna Siddheswara Betta, Kangal Anjaneya Swami, Sri Brahmana Theertha Brindavan, Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Maganchanbele Dam, Harobele Dam Chunchi Falls, Kanakapura, Mekedatu, Savandurga, Thippagondanahalli Reservoir, Janapada Loka are famous.
Ramanagar district is famous for traditional toys and cultural activities and is the largest market in Asia.
Ramanagaram district can be reached by road from Karnataka and Karnataka State Road and Train within one hour. Nearest Airports Mysore and Bangalore International Airport are about 85 km away. Ramanagar district has modern office buildings such as Panchayat Bhavan, Kandaya Bhavan, Mini Vidana Soudha, Taluk Office, Deputy Commissioner’s Office, Sub-Deputy Offices, Police Department and District Court, Police Buildings.